The Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979) deeply affected Cambodia’s people and economy. If the country is now developing fast, the poverty rate remains high and inequalities persist. Almost 20% of the population, both rural and urban, live below the poverty line. Many come to the periphery of large cities, in search of a better life, only to fall in the poverty trap. Nowadays, 98% of Cambodian children go to primary school. However, they are only 40% to be enrolled in secondary school, and 5% in university. School is in theory free, but it incurs some costs that many families cannot afford (such as buying uniforms, paying for transportation, textbooks, etc.).